Legends and myths about sexually transmitted diseases
Oral sex is safe
Become infected through oral sex is very real: STDs, including HIV, are transmitted by oral contact. Of course, oral sex is less risky than anal or vaginal. But if there is at least one chance to get “less dangerous” – is not an argument. And oral sex because in any case is not a means of preventing STDs. In practice there even syphilis and gonorrheal pharyngitis tonsil
With regard to HIV researchers cite the following data
- Oral sex is more dangerous for the “host” partner;
- The risk of oral HIV transmission is reduced (but does not disappear) if not prevent ejaculation in the mouth.
Thus, a very good way to prevent STDs, even if oral contact, a condom. Condoms protect against AIDS. The proof is at least that in medical practice and in the experiments did not reveal not a single case of HIV transmission through condom.
Unprotected sex with a married man / with a married woman is safe
This view is absolutely wrong. Sex with a married man or married woman does not exclude the risk of infection. Very often, the disease, indulging sexually occur in a latent form – totally asymptomatic. Especially for a STD characterized for women. The most dangerous thing that even the carrier of the disease, with all due respect to you and your partner may be unaware of it.
AIDS (HIV) and other viruses overeat through condom
Until now, there are legends that the hole is larger than the condom HIV, herpes, hepatitis, etc. We will not discuss the degree of leaky condoms. We present only scientifically proven facts that reliably indicate that the correct use of latex condoms effectively protect against HIV virus, which betrayed sexually transmitted infections and other STDs.
Sexually transmitted diseases can be contracted in public places such as pools, saunas and bathhouses
With very few exceptions, it is not. Activators of sexually transmitted diseases, both classical and “new” is very unstable in the environment. Without a comfortable living conditions (outside the body), they die. In addition, individual viruses and bacteria can not usually cause disease.To infection and disease development should be sufficiently large number of infections that could cause disease. In such quantities of microbes can enter the body only through sexual contact.
However, some researchers do not rule out this possibility. For example, there are now studies that show the possibility of contracting chlamydial conjunctivitis in the bath, sauna, swimming pool (See “Chlamydial conjunctivitis”). Infection of the urogenital tract (urinary tract) is also possible, if you have a desire to urinate into a potentially contaminated water: the urethra during urination disclosed and made available for the introduction of infection.
However, infection in public places, subject to the rules of hygiene is very difficult and problematic. Reliably confirmed cases of this route of infection is negligible.
Unprotected sex with persons who are regularly tested for sexually transmitted infections, is safe
This, unfortunately, is also a myth. All diseases, sexually transmitted diseases are very different.Let’s try to tell you briefly why the “clean” reference – not a guarantee against infection.
The first reason lies in the method, which conducts research on sexually transmitted diseases.There is no single ideal method that was sensitive to and is valid at 100%. Thus, there is no method of research on sexually transmitted diseases, which would indicate the presence of the disease if it is not and would show it in the absence of infection. This is one reason why the certificate can not be trusted.
The second reason why the results may be unreliable information – is the quality of the laboratory performing the analysis. Often, low-cost diagnosis of sexually transmitted diseases is determined by the cheapness of materials and labor (technicians). Highly qualified expert on laboratory diagnosis can not be “cheap.” Low the same qualifications of the personnel – this is wrong. Mistakes that lead to the fact that you are risking your health.
The third reason for the unreliability of test results is the limitations of the sexually transmitted diseases. In particular, HIV and hepatitis have a very long period of so-called seronegative. This means only one thing – the person may be ill for several months and may be contagious to others, but the results of its analysis will long remain “pure.”
The fourth reason also lies in the peculiarities of some STIs – sexually transmitted diseases.Infections such as herpes, cytomegalovirus and HPV – human papilloma virus, once got into our body and stay there forever. Get rid of them is impossible. Current treatments provide only “suppress” their negative activity for 5-10 years. However, not all people want to “suppress” them. Some believe that a strong immune system and correct their way of life ensures the activation of the infection. Yes, the “sleep” state, this infection causes little harm to its bearer.And tests show its presence, but they interpret the patient “poponyatnee”: “Your tests are normal – you no ill.” This phrase doctors does not mean that you are safe and healthy – it just means that at the time the test results you do not need treatment – domestic reserves of your body and immune system cope with the infection themselves, without letting it hurt you. And that is all that can mean the word doctor.
The problem is that these infections, even in “sleep” state can be transmitted during sexual intercourse. Sometimes the immune system fails the media – acute infection. The man continues to consider itself a “safe”: No one deals tests for sexually transmitted diseases every day. But the viruses in the active stage – a very contagious
The conclusion from such a long narrative one. Even if you have special knowledge to decipherthe results of tests for sexually transmitted diseases in the position of “herpes”, “CMV”, “human papillomavirus” it does not protect you against the risk of HIV infection and hepatitis. That’s where the ”grow legs” of the board so hard Venereologists - even with a steady partner sexual activity in a condom at least six months, after having passed the tests for sexually transmitted diseases. Only half a year, with repeated negative analysis, it is possible to plan long-term relationship and marriage. Only six months later, if the partner is infected with HIV or hepatitis B, tests will have to find and display.
Unprotected sex with people with medical books, safe (workers in trade, food production, child care, etc.)
This statement is more than questionable. First of all, when carrying out such mass surveys the state is obliged to take these people only common dab (about the shortcomings of the smear and the results that it shows, see the article “Pap”) and serological tests for syphilis (see RW).These studies do not show (and are not intended for this purpose) of many sexually transmitteddiseases such as chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, ureaplasmosis, viral infections (herpes, cytomegalovirus, human papilloma virus) that may be present in person and that does not change the overall results of the stroke.
Secondly, we all live in Russia and perfectly represent the methods by which medical books are made: the formulation of medical books is often formally, if not - virtually. This is the secondreason for the presence of medical books with a partner can not rely.
Douching after intercourse in women may significantly reduce the risk of both classical and newsexually transmitted diseases
According to modern ideas, douching does not reduce the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases. Moreover, if the partner or the woman herself infected, douching with water currentspromotes STI in the upper sections of the genital organs (of the cervix, uterus and fallopian tubes). This provokes the development of serious complications of STDs, such as inflammationof the uterus and uterine appendages (for details see the article “Complications andconsequences of STDs among women”).
Also, douching - a factor in the development of such unpleasant conditions like gardnerellez anddysbiosis vagina.
Urination and wash genitals immediately after sex greatly reduces the risk of contracting sexually transmitted diseases in men
Of course, if you want to protect yourself, it’s better to do something than do nothing. And the riskof STDs is likely to decrease slightly from the procedures for washing and emptying of the bladder. But no one ever has published results of studies that would show how reduced risk of infection. One thing is certain. Use only those methods of preventing sexually transmitted diseases, sooner or later all of its adherents leads to the office of venereal diseases with genital infections in chronic phase who have time to cause complications.
Harm from these activities, there is no, so it is better to use. However, 100% rely on them not worth it. Nothing, alas, is no substitute for a visit to the venereal diseases and testing for sexually transmitted diseases.
Chlorine-containing antiseptics - a reliable method of prevention of sexually transmitted
This is a very unreliable method, if only because that does not give any guarantees. Therefore, the use of chlorhexidine (Gibitan, Miramistin) - a very unreliable method of preventing sexually transmitted diseases.
Another disadvantage of regular douching with these drugs for women - the development of dysbiosis vagina, or Gardnerella.
The only guarantee to prevent the development of certain diseases, sexually transmitted infections - drug prevention, which can only be realized within a few days after sexual contact a professional - a doctor-venereology.
We remind you that no article or site will not be able to make the correct diagnosis. Need some advice a doctor!